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股票技术指标类型之随机振荡器KDJ

股票技术指标类型之随机振荡器KDJ

Stochastic indicators were first used in the analysis of the futures market, and then widely used in the shortto mid-term trend analysis of the stock market. Through a 股票技术指标类型之随机振荡器KDJ specific period (usually 9 days, 9 weeks, etc.), the highest price, the lowest price, and the closing price of the last calculation period and the proportional relationship between these three are used to calculate the last calculation period's RSV(Row Stochastic Value), then calculate the K value, D value and J value according to the method of the smooth moving average, and draw a graph to study the stock trend.

2. Calculation formula

The KDJ indicator is to calculate the overbought and oversold scenarioin n days. First, calculate the RSV value over aperiod (n days, n weeks, etc.), that is, the immature stochastic index value, and then calculate the K value, 股票技术指标类型之随机振荡器KDJ D value, J value, etc. Generally, n takes 9 days.

RSV (n days)=(Cn-Ln)/(Hn-Ln)×100

Cn is the closing price on the n-th day; Ln is the lowest price in n days; Hn is the highest price in n days.

Second, calculate the K value and D value:

K value = 2/3 × K value of the previous day + 1/3 × RSV of the day

D value = 2/3 × D value of the previous day + 1/3 × K value of the day

J value = 3 × K value of the day-2 × D value of the day

3. Application

3.1 K line is a quick confirming line -a value above 90 is overbought, and a value below 10 is oversold;

3.2 D line is a slow majorline-a value above 80 is overbought, and a value below 20 is oversold;

3.3 J line is a directional sensitive line. When the J value is greater than 90, especially for more than 5 consecutive days, the stock price will at least form a short-term peak. On the contrary, when the J value is less than 10, especially for several consecutive days, the stock price will at least form a short-term bottom.

3.4 When the K line breaks above D line on the graph, it is commonly known as the golden cross, which is a signal to buy.

3.5 Inapractical trading activity, when the K and D lines cross upwards below 20, 股票技术指标类型之随机振荡器KDJ the short-term buy signal at this time is more accurate; if the K value is below 50, crossing above the D value twice, forming a higher high golden cross「W」 pattern, the stock price may have a considerable increase in the market outlook.

3.6 When the K value is diminishing then break belowD line from above, it is commonly called a dead cross. That is the signal to sell.

3.7 Inapractical trading activity, 股票技术指标类型之随机振荡器KDJ when the K and D lines cross down over an 80 level, the short-term selling signal at this time is more accurate; if the K value is above 50, crossing below the D line twice in a trend and froma lower low death cross "M" pattern, the market outlook may have a considerable decline in stock prices.

3.8 It is also a practical method to gauge the peakand bottom of the stock price based on the trend of the deviation 股票技术指标类型之随机振荡器KDJ between KDJ and the stock price:

● The stock price has hit a new high, but the KD value has not hit a new high could be considered as a divergence from the top, it should be sold;

● The stock price has hit a new low, but the KD value has not hit a new low, which is a divergence from the bottom and it should be bought;

● The stock price did not hit a new high, but the KD value hit a new high, which is 股票技术指标类型之随机振荡器KDJ a top divergence and should be sold;

● The stock price has not hit a new low, but the KD value has hit a new low, which is a bottom divergence and should be bought.

3.9 It should be noted that the method of determining the top and bottom divergenceof KDJ can only be compared with the KD value of the previous trendof high and low, 股票技术指标类型之随机振荡器KDJ and cannot be gapped a session over.

KDJ指标

KDJ指标的中文名称又叫随机指标,最早起源于期货市场,由乔治·莱恩(George Lane)首创。随机指标KDJ最早是以KD指标的形式出现,而KD指标是在威廉指标的基础上发展起来的。不过KD指标只判断股票的超买超卖的现象,在KDJ指标中则融合了移动平均线速度上的观念,形成比较准确的买卖信号依据。在实践中,K线与D线配合J线组成KDJ指标来使用。KDJ指标在设计过程中主要是研究最高价、最低价和收盘价之间的关系,同时也融合了动量观念、强弱指标和移动平均线的一些优点。因此,能够比较迅速、快捷、直观地研判行情,被广泛用于股市的中短期趋势分析,是期货和股票市场上最常用的技术分析工具。

KDJ指标 计算方法

KDJ指标 指标原理

KDJ指标 运用范围

KDJ指标 应用要则

KDJ指标 使用技巧

KDJ指标 注意事项

综上所述,可以这样认为,随机指数在设计中充分考虑价格波动的随机振幅与中短期波动的测算,使其短期测市功能比移动平均线更加准确有效,在市场短期超买超卖的预测方面又比强弱指数敏感,同时该指标又能够提供出明确的买卖点。因此,这一指标被投资者广泛采用。虽然说,随机指标可以为短线投资 [2] 提供简便直接快捷有效的投资参考依据,但是,作为一个投资者应该明白,成功地使用随机指标的关键在于将随机指标分析与其他的技术指标或分析方法结合起来使用。

KDJ指标 指标分析

KDJ指标 实战应用

KDJ指标 实战研判

KDJ指标 应用经验

KDJ指标 选股方法

KDJ指标 操作手法

KDJ指标 指标总结

KDJ指标 钝化问题

1.放大法。因为KDJ指标非常敏感,因此经常给出一些杂信,这些信号容易误导投资者,认为产生进货信号或出货信号,因此操作而失误。如果我们放大一级来确认这个信号的可靠性,将会有较好的效果。如在日K线图上产生KDJ指标的低位黄金交叉,我们可以把它放大到周线图上去看,如果在周线图上也是在低位产生黄金交叉,我们将认为这个信号可靠性强,可以大胆去操作。如果周线图上显示的是在下跌途中,那么日线图上的黄金交叉可靠性不强,有可能是庄家的骗线手法,这时候我们可以采用观望的方法。

2.形态法。由于KDJ指标的敏感,它给出的指标经常超前,因此我们可以通过KDJ指标的形态来帮助找出正确的买点和卖点,KDJ指标在低位形成W底,三重底和头肩底形态时再进货;在较强的市场里,KDJ指标在高位形成M头和头肩顶时,出货的信号可靠性将加强。

3.数浪法。KDJ指标和数浪相结合,是一种非常有效的方法。在K线图上,我们可以经常清晰地分辨上升形态的一浪,三浪,五浪。在K线图上,股价盘底结束,开始上升,往往在上升第一子浪时,KDJ指标即发出死亡交叉的出货信号,这时候,我们可以少考虑这个卖出信号,因为它很可能是一个错误信号或是一个骗线信号。当股指运行到第三子浪时,我们将加大对卖出信号的重视程度,当股指运动到明显的第五子浪时,这时如KDJ指标给出卖出信号,我们将坚决出货。这时候KDJ指标给出的信号通常将是非常准确的信号,当股指刚刚结束上升开始下跌时,在下跌的第一子浪,少考虑KDJ指标的买进信号,当股指下跌了第三子浪或第五子浪时,才考虑KDJ指标的买入信号,尤其是下跌五子浪后的KDJ指标给出的买进信号较准确。

4.趋势线法。在股指或股价进入一个极强的市场或极弱的市场,股指会形成单边上升走势和单边下跌走势;在单边下跌走势中,KDJ指标会多次发出买入信号或低位钝化,投资者按买入信号操作了,将被过早套牢,有的在极低的价位进货的,结果股价继续下跌,低了还可以低。如果要有效解决这个问题,可以在K线图上加一条下降趋势线,在股指和股价没有打破下跌趋势线前,KDJ发出的任何一次买入信号,都将不考虑,只有当股指和股价打破下降趋势线后,再开始考虑KDJ指标的买入信号;在单边上升的走势中,市场走势极强,股指会经常在高位发出卖出信号,按此信号操作者将丢失一大段行情,我们也可以在日K线上加一条上升趋势线,在股价或股指未打破上升趋势线前,不考虑KDJ指标给出的卖出信号,当股指和股价一旦打破上升趋势线,KDJ给出的卖出信号,将坚决执行,不打折扣。

KDJ指标(随机指标):计算公式/参数设置/应用策略

不同的交易平台有不同种类的KDJ,目前交易者经常使用的有快速随机指标(Fast Stochastic Oscillator),慢速随机指标(Slow Stochastic Oscillator)以及全面随机指标(Full Stochastic Oscillator)。快速KDJ和慢速KDJ都只有K值和D值,没有J值,常用的设置为(14,3);全面KDJ常用的设置为(14,3,3)。下面以常用的设置举例简单说明这三种KDJ的计算方法:

*快速随机指标中:快速版的K值就是前文中的 %K,快速版的D值为前文中的 %D;
*慢速随机指标中:慢速版的K值等於快速版K值的3期移动平均(即快速版的D值);慢速版的D值为慢速版K值的3期移动平均,由於慢速版的D值经过2次平滑处理,走势相对稳定。
*全面随机指标中K值和D值的计算方法与慢速随机指标的一致,J值则为3%D – 2%K。

三、KDJ指标参数设置

四、KDJ指标的简单应用

1)用於判断是否出现超买超卖现象。KDJ指标的值域为0—100,许多投资者将80上方视为超买水平,20下方视为超卖水平。值得注意的是,由於J线和K线相对灵敏,其下破20线後发出的超卖信号仍相对较弱,而曲线D的走势相对平缓,其下破20线後发出的超卖信号最强。超买信号亦然。

2)判断判断是否出现背离迹象。KDJ也可能出现背驰现象,当价格录得更高的高点和更高的低点,随机指标中的J线却录得更低的高点和更低的低点,或价格走势的阶段性低点越来越低时,J线的阶段性高点却越来越高,这种现象称之为背驰。KDJ指标与价格走势产生背驰时,可视为一种反转的信号,表明中短期走势即将出现改变,投资者需留意。

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